According to The World Health Organization,” Headaches are extremely common. Nearly everyone has a headache occasionally. When they occur repeatedly, they are a symptom of a headache disorder.”  

According to WebMD that causes a common headache is a bit complicated: firstly, nerves of your blood vessels and head muscles switch on and transmit pain signals to your brain. As to why these signals activate in the first place is perplexing to even the most brilliant minds.

Everybody experience tension-type headaches, chronic or episode.

Episodic headaches are the most common headaches and it occurs sporadically. Most of the headaches experiences are episodic. Thus headache can last 30 minutes to few hours. But, chronic headaches are most consistent and can occur on most days and will last for days. These chronic headaches need some kind of management strategy because of their frequency.

There are also headaches that do not go away. These headache conditions may last for years and known as daily persistent headaches. Even the experts have no clue as what causes them.

The most frequently experienced headaches produce moderate pain, compared to the conditions that we are going to talk about in this article. In this article, we’re going to talk about the five most painful types of headaches, conjointly their symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention.

Here are the worst types of headaches:

  • A cluster headache

This can be the most painful headache condition. This is also estimated to affect one in 1000 people and target one side of the head and is excruciatingly painful. The pain often located behind or around one eye and the pain feels burning and piercing.

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Symptoms:

  1. Drooping eyelid on one side
  2. Redding of the eye
  3. Swelling
  4. Sweating
  5. Flushing
  6. Nasal congestion

Causes:

  1. Tend to run in families
  2. Alcohol or strong scents

Treatments:

  1. Multifaceted and include painkillers
  2. Nasal spray
  3. The administration of pure oxygen
  • A migraine

Migraines target one side of the head. The pain occurs by migraines is often severe and is characterized as a throbbing and pulsating ache. This type of headache generally lasts between two and 72 hours.

Symptoms:

  1. Nausea
  2. Vomiting
  3. Blurred vision
  4. Lightheadedness
  5. Sensitivity to light

Causes:

  1. By an aura
  2. Blind spots
  3. Light flashes
  4. Tinging on one side of the face, arms or legs

Treatments:

  1. Painkillers
  2. Anti-nausea medications
  3. Gluticosteriods
  4. Prevention
  • An allergy or a sinus headache

Here the pain is mostly located in the front of the head and sinus areas. When there are cavities within the skull it is called sinuses, becoming inflamed.

Causes:

  1. Cavities within the skull
  2. Allergic reactions

Symptoms:

  1. A runny nose
  2. Fever
  3. Swelling on the face
  4. Green and yellowish nasal discharge
  5. Sinus infections

Migraines are often misdiagnosed as sinus headaches. More than 90 % of diagnosed sinus headaches are actually migraines.

Treatments:

  1. Nasal steroid sprays
  2. Antihistamines
  3. OTC decongestants
  4. Antibiotics
  • Hypertension headaches

Pain can moderate to severe and is usually occurred on both sides of the head.

Causes:

  1. Chronic hypertension
  2. High blood pressure

Symptoms:

  1. Chest pain
  2. Vision changes
  3. Numbness or tingling of the hands or feet
  4. Trouble breathing

They are considered a medical emergency as hypertension headaches are triggered by dangerously high blood pressure.

Treatments:

  1. Monitor blood pressure
  2. Beta-blockers
  3. Medications to lower your blood pressure (prescribed by a physician)
  4. OTC pain medications (to ease the short-term pain)
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Prevention

Most of us will experience the common and tension-type headaches. The prevention of both a tension and migraine-type headache is similar.

The most important advice is to avoid headache triggers, the most common being long-term stress, alcohol, excess caffeine intake, skipping meals, poor sleeping habits, and medication overuse for headaches acute and chronic, mild and severe.

And also having adequate sleep and exercise on a regular basis is very important.